The staff of the Almaty-based Institute of Nuclear Physics is preparing to take part in the international conference entitled âFrom nuclear test ban toward a world free of nuclear weaponsâ. The forum will be held from August 27 to 29 in Astana, Semei and Kurchatov.
About five hundred nuclear explosions took place at the Semipalatinsk Nuclear Test Site over 40 years. 18 and a half thousand square kilometers of land were affected and three thousand of them became uninhabitable. Having sustained all the harmful effects of testing, Kazakhstan became the first country in the world to declare a nuclear-free path of its development.
Nasurlla BURTEBAYEV, DEPUTY DIRECTOR, INSTITUTE OF NUCLEAR PHYSICS OF KAZAKHSTAN NATIONAL NUCLEAR CENTRE:
-This initiative of our people and the decree on closing the Semipalatinsk Nuclear Test Site signed by our President, acted as a fillip to at least suspending the operation of almost all well-known and existing test sites in the world. I donât know whether they will continue their operation, but they have ceased to carry out explosions after the closing of our test site.
A voluntary renunciation of the worldâs fourth largest nuclear arsenal was the next step for Kazakhstan. The international community appreciated this initiative of a young country. One of Kazakhstanâs main tasks is to unite all people of good will to reduce and eventually fully eliminate the nuclear threat on the planet. The forum in Astana, which will bring together representatives of tens of countries, will be a new impetus to this process. Local scientists are making great strides in the development of peaceful nuclear energy. For example, a nuclear medicine center is now actively operating at the Institute of Nuclear Physics, which is planning to expand the range of radiopharmaceuticals for early diagnosis of diseases. The development of the space industry, production sector and agriculture can not go without nuclear technology today.